Women and crime in Greece



There is a lot of concern regarding the rise of femicide cases in Greece lately. Seven

women were brutally murdered by their husbands or boyfriends the last seven months.

It is certainly a disturbing issue.


Looking back at the position of women in Greece, we see that a feminist movement

started towards the end of the 19 th century, which promoted progressive ideas and

brought some changes to the social and political life of the country.


It was not until 1952, however, that Greek women gained the right to vote

and no drastic changes were made in other areas, such as family law.


The first female lawyer was called to the bar in Athens in 1925, but it was not until 1955 that

women were allowed to become judges. In 1983, Greece signed the Convention on the

Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.


Certainly, more girls started attending university in the ‘50s and ‘60s, and more women

joined the workforce, often at responsible jobs, but men still held the higher positions.


In larger cities, such as Athens and Thessaloniki, women had a more integrated role in

society, but in the rural areas, patriarchy remained prominent.


Women were still deemed to be more fit or naturally inclined for domestic chores and rearing children, which is still the prevailing notion in many societies.


Feminism and Eurocommunism brought more progressive views on women's rights in

the 1970s.


Family honor and reputation often depended on the “purity” of a daughter or a sister.

Premarital relationships were deemed immoral and ethically damaging. Children born

out of wedlock were considered illegitimate and an embarrassment to a family. Hence,

large numbers of illegal abortions were performed for fear of smearing the family.


On the other hand, there were no restrictions for men. On the contrary, a young man

was regarded something like a “proud stallion” when he had several girlfriends, who, of

course, were someone’s daughters or sisters. They exhausted their moral code on their

own sisters’ or daughters’ purity only!


Homosexuality was considered abnormal and almost an anathema.

The above views were not unique to Greeks and changes were slowly happening in the

country.


Family Law changes were introduced in the 1980s. Civil weddings were

legalized in 1983 and married women were allowed to keep their maiden names after

marriage if they wished. Abortion was legalized in 1986. In 2006, domestic violence,

including marital rape, was criminalized.


Discrimination in the workplace still existed although not as noticeable. Female

representation in the government is still low. There are only a few women in the current

government (Nea Democratia).


Despite social, political, and employment changes, there is still domestic abuse and a

rather high femicide rate. There are many factors contributing to this kind of crime.


Although we cannot refer to them in detail here, we can highlight the main contributing

factors: male dominance, upbringing, and special economical circumstances.


The economic crisis in Greece and subsequent high unemployment rate had an effect

on family life. Domestic abuse cases and divorces increased. Unemployment was

reduced by 10% in 2016-2019 but has been increasing since 2019. Due to the

coronavirus pandemic, there have been lockdowns and more people struggling

financially.


Unfortunately, the government has not been helping the low and middle

classes and people are becoming increasingly frustrated. They frequently take their

frustration to the person closest to them, who is their life partner. Financial hardship

frequently affects people emotionally, mentally, and physically.